Congratulations to Christopher Rollston!

... and well done to George Washington U for hiring a very talented scholar:

George Washington U. Snags a Decipherer of Ancient Texts - People - The Chronicle of Higher Education

This was the rather innocuous, some might even say common sense, article that originally cost him his job at Emmanuel Christian Seminary:

The Marginalization of Women: A Biblical Value We Don't Like to Talk About - Christopher Rollston:

The Decalogue is a case in point. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house, you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male slave, his female slave, his ox, his donkey or anything which belongs to your neighbor" (Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21). Because the Ten Commandments are so well known, it's quite easy to miss the assumptions in them about gender. But the marginalization of women is clear. The wife is classified as her husband's property, and so she's listed with the slaves and work-animals. There's also a striking omission in this commandment: never does it say "You shall not covet your neighbor's husband." The Ten Commandments were written to men, not women.

Most of us fully agree with him, and that's why we made the point by buying his book: Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel; available in libraries, Amazon UK, Amazon US and all the usual places.


  1. Sorry, wrong thread, not used to navigating here; but you mentioned that had Amphipolis been Roman they would have used concrete; are there other Late Republican monument in the East that do? I can only think of the Tomb of Arsinoe(?) at Ephesos and the Temple of Augustus at Aphrodiias, as comparanda and do not know what there are made of, and there must be many more. This is a genuine enquiry as I do not know and it would be a useful marker.

    Also one interlocutor has suggested that the sort of banding, drafting he calls it around the blocks at Amphipolis is quite rare in Hellenistic architecture, whereas I think it quite common; as a student of the area could you give a judgement, please? I would love to do my own research but an extended trek around the Med is out of the question and my local library has suffered from the standard dumbing down and at £10 a throw requesting books is also a no-no (these charges only apply if they request books from Uni's, Geoffrey Archer one can get for 50p!) just trying to establish that I am ignorant and poor, not lazy and unimaginative...

  2. yes the way the blocks are carved is not common, but nothing about the tomb is common! And lots of things only happen occasionally - for example the carved column drums at the Ephesus Artemision ... that does not mean it's wrong or Roman. Special buildings often have special features and that's what makes them special.

    re the concrete. I think you're thinking 2nd and 1st century BC, whilst I was talking more about Palagia's date - she says Caryatids make Amphipolis post 40 BC, and it copies the Mausoleum of Augustus ... which to me puts her date of Amphipolis into the Roman Imperial period.

    Concrete is used more in Italy than Greece or Turkey, where marble was even more widely available, but for the vault of such a large structure I think they would almost certainly have used it so that it would have been structurally sound.


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